Abstract Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family: Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in the tropical Asia, Africa and Yemen. The whole. B. prionitis is a fast growing perennial plant widely commercialized as an ornamental to be planted in open sunny areas in gardens, yards, and. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. cm long. Leaves to x cm, elliptic, acute, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely puberulus, ciliate on the margins, gland.

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Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat.

Flora of China Editorial Committee, The flowers are used internally for the treatment of migraine, internal abscesses, oedema, haemoptysis, urethral discharges, seminal disorders and reduce obesity Khare, Click on images to enlarge By J. Dense spiny thickets can impede the movement of stock, reduce the productivity of pastures, restrict access to barlleria and reduce the aesthetic values of natural areas.

The bracteoles are long, narrowly linear-lanceolate, spinous-tipped, about 1.

Revision of the Genus Barleria Acanthaceae in India. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page B.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Promising Indian Barlerias of Ornamental Potential. Seed can also prjonitis dispersed by water. They posses sharp long axillary spines which about 11 mm long. Anthraquinones from Barleria prionitis. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon.


The upper lip is 4-lobed and the lower lip entire.

Barleria prionitis

The genus name Barleria is derived from the name of a Dominican monk and French botanist, Jacques Barrelier. Barkeria, benefits to ecosystems not specific to barlerja are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed.

The oral administration of iridoid fraction significantly reduced the hepatotoxin induced elevated levels of serum alanine aminotransferase ALTaspartate transaminase ASTalkaline phosphatase ALPbilirubin and triglycerides in a dose dependent manner.

The seeds should be planted in trays in a mixture of two parts good soil and one part clean river sand.

It contains about species with about 70 species in Africa. Views Read Edit View history. Each flower has five petal lobes i.

Currently, the global demand of prionitiis medicines is increasing rapidly because of their higher safety margin and low cost Musyimi et al. Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippinesthe Indian Sub-continent, and the tropical regions of eastern Africa. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.

The flowers are pale yellow to orange, arranged in a loose or fairly dense terminal spike with the lower flowers solitary in the axils of the leaves, in late summer to autumn.


The extracts from the different parts and isolated phytochemicals of B.

Yellow Hedge Barleria. Once established, plants may add up to 0. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Technology Biodiversity in India. Biochemical investigation revealed that the root extract was also reduced the total protein, glycogen, sialic acid contents of the testes, testicular glycogen contents, epididymides, ventral prostate and bqrleria vesicle Gupta et al. Acanthaceae is well-known medicinal plant in ayurvedic system of medicine in India.

Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. Cymes axillary; bracts 2, 1.

Barleria prionitis (porcupine flower)

At a dose concentration of 50 mg kg barlerria body weight, the extract provided statistically significant reduction of writhing by 5.

Understanding wild biodiversity of agroecosystems and other human dominated landscapes are crucial Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. Click here to register. It is also used in urinary infection, jaundice, hepatic obstruction and dropsy Shukla et al.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The analgesic activity of B.