ENGELBART AUGMENTING HUMAN INTELLECT PDF
Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”. “By “augmenting human intellect” we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex. C. Engelbart, and William K. English, AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the Fall 2a In the Augmented Human Intellect (AHI) Research Center at Stanford. Final report of in-depth study conducted by Doug Engelbart into improving human intellect and human effectiveness, outlining a.
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Examples of this method occur in technological research, where analytically oriented researchers search for new understandings of phenomena that can add to the research engineer’s list inetllect things to be used in the synthesis of better artifacts.
Intelligence amplification – Wikipedia
Related ideas were explicitly proposed as an alternative to Artificial Intelligence by Hao Wang from the early days of automatic theorem provers. There are many significant items in the article, but the main ones upon which we shall comment here will be those relative to the use and implications of his Memex.
Is augmentiing a theory of how humans and machines work together? Therefore, besides the forms of symbol structures that can be constructed and portrayed, we are very much concerned with the speed and flexibility with which one form can be transformed into another, and with which new material can be located and portrayed.
For Engelbart these means are augmented because they symbolic structures to serve the mental structure. A touch brings up the code book. A Conceptual Framework”Section D: Augmenting man’s intellect, in the sense defined above, would warrant full pursuit by an enlightened society if there could be shown a reasonable approach and some plausible benefits.
Remember me on this computer. To be more specific, we can begin at the top and list the major levels down through which we intelledt pass if we successively decomposed the functional elements of each level in search of the “source intellrct intelligence.
Assume that the human is in the middle of the process of making a telephone call. In Licklider’s vision, many of the pure artificial intelligence systems envisioned at the time by over-optimistic researchers would prove unnecessary. This report covers the first phase of a program aimed at developing means to augment the human intellect. The objective of this study is to develop a conceptual framework within which could grow a coordinated research and development program whose goals would be the following: In other words, I’m riffing on the paper, drawing connections to other work, and asking questions.
What’s actually going on? The conceptual structure which we have evolved to orient and guide the pursuit of increasing man’s intellectual effectiveness has been described in the foregoing sections in a rather general and abstract fashion. The first level down would organize functions corresponding to statements in a problem-oriented language e.
Click here to sign up. Business correspondence takes the same path. Engelbsrt assume that, for a given unit of comprehension to be imparted, there is a concept structure which can be consciously developed and displayed that can be presented to an individual in such a way that it is mapped into a corresponding mental structure which provides the basis for that individual’s “comprehending” behavior. For explain this world’s augmentong through boosting the capabilities of the human’s idea that we should not forget that at the time was revolutionary intellect.
All of this information the building design and its associated “thought structure” can be stored on a tape to represent the design manual for the building. The “unit records” here, unlike those in the Memex example, are generally scraps of typed or handwritten text on IBM-card sized edge-notchable cards. We refer to a way of life in an integrated domain where hunches, cut-and-try, intangibles, and the human “feel for a situation” usefully co-exist with powerful concepts, streamlined terminology and notation, sophisticated methods, augmentingg high-powered electronic aids.
Quite often these coupled processes are designed for just this exchange purpose, to provide a functional match between other explicit-human and explicit-artifact processes buried within their respective domains that do the more significant things. Each of augmeenting sub-processes represents a functional concept that must be a part of the system language if it is to be organized effectively into the human’s way of doing things, and the symbolic portrayal of each concept must be such that the human can work with it and remember it.
They employ a symbolism which grew like Topsy and has little consistency; a strange fact in that most logical field.
Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”
As an auxiliary device, there is a gadget that is held like a pencil and, instead of a point, has a special sensing mechanism that you can pass over a line of the special printing from your writing machine or one like it.
But executive roles in a complex problem situation also require conceptual activity—e.
The other important part of our “language” is the way in which concepts are represented—the symbols and symbol structures. It aubmenting be intsllect in mind that a great deal of study and invention is yet to be done in developing the improved augmentation means that are bound to come, and that the examples which we present in this report are intended only to show what is meant by the generalizations which we use, and to provide a feeling on the part of the reader for the richness and power of the improvements we can likely develop in our augmentation means.
Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework
But it also is evident that the process structuring is dependent not only upon basic human and artifact process capabilities, but upon the ability of the human to learn how to execute processes—and no less important, upon the ability uuman the human to select, organize, and modify processes from his repertoire to structure a higher-order process that he can execute. The observable mechanisms of these processes observable by another, trained person includes masking of emgelbart irrationality of the human’s actions which are so affected, so that few of us will admit that our actions might be irrational, and most of us can construct satisfying rationales for any action that may be challenged.
Deflection to the left gives him the same control backwards.
The associative trails whose establishment and use within the files he describes at some length provide a beautiful example of a new capability in symbol structuring that derives from new artifact-process capability, and that provides new ways to develop and portray concept structures.
For an even more complex process, comprehending the particular situation in which it is to be executed, even before beginning to augmening the execution, may augmenfing months of labor and a very complex organization of the system’s capabilities.