Audience level: (from for A macroeco to for Podstawy e ) WorldCat Identities Related Nojszewska, Ewelina · plus. Useful Links. Library of. The package is updated annually, and it is issued in printed or electronic form. Learning CHANG A.C., PODSTAWY EKONOMII MATEMATYCZNEJ, PWN. scientists as: E. Erikson, A. Campbell, H. Noll, J. Stiglitz, A. Sen, J. Fitoussi, R. Veenhoven, Nojszewska E., , Podstawy ekonomii, WSiP, Warszawa.

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Pengantar ekonomi by G. A general conclusion can be drawn showing that compared to there has not been much improvement ekonokii competitive energy-markets without price regulation within the EU.


In such a case the energy enterprise may not apply the tariff and equally may not apply a new tariff, because e. Project Page Feedback Known Problems.

F Stanlake Book 4 editions published between and in Malay and English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. The boundaries of interference of the Authority in this extent are defined by the provisions of Article 23 item 2 point 2 and 3 in conjunction with Article 47 and 49 of the Energy Law in conjunction with the issues executive ordinances based on Article The ability to compare the effectiveness of management in different economic structures.

Use of this somewhat less rigorous clause gives the URE President greater possibilities in making use of this authorization. Eoonomii companies operating on the market aim to maximize their revenues, but they are restricted in doing so by state institutions and legislation.

Obviously it is to the benefit of the recipients to acquaint themselves with the content of the new tariff. In this case two doubts arise: F Stanlake Book 11 editions published between and in 3 languages and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.


Related publications Share Embed Add to favorites Comments. Analyzed will be examples taking place in economic reality. In approximately one-fifth of the countries for electricity and one-fourth ekonkmii the countries for natural gas, the decision to remove end-user price regulation lies with the regulator.

Microeconomics – University of Łódź

In the Energy Law the concept of fees is used in another meaning than podstawh legal rents and applies to some of the price components of an energy enterprise. The tariff may be in force not earlier than 14 and not later than 45 days from the date of its publication.

There are two different types of tariffs: Apart from this the division of tariffs set for particular group of consumers is significant — such as for households, small business, or large companies. If it concerns the non-discriminatory nature of the discussed obligation, the task of the URE President should be such a definition of prices so that there could be no accusations of discriminatory activity mostly within the area of distribution. Price regulation is one indicator for market analysis, but of course there are many other relevant indicators which should be taken into account to obtain a complete full.

One must therefore assume that these are prices from the last tariff approved by the URE President. Competition in the energy market and price regulation V. Most widely held works by G. The latter shall remain subject to market conditions, and the role of the URE President shall be reduced to a minimum. Between andlittle progress regarding end-user price regulation removal can be seen in the various market 26 C.


The authors do not ignore legal analysis and practical issues. It is worth mentioning that the issue of prices, which are set below the cost of purchasing power, has already been noted in foreign literature. Conclusions Abstract This article presents problems associated with the development of competition on the Polish energy market in the context of tariffs and pricing.

As a result, the law became the basis for the development of competition in the US wholesale electricity market, with the participation of utilities, manufacturers with no long-term contractsas well as new companies trading electricity. Undoubtedly the fact remains, as confirmed by the Supreme Court in its judgment of August 5,that the obligation of an energy enterprise to submit to the procedure of tariff verification on the basis of Article 47 of the Energy Law is an obligation of a public-legal nature obliging it to apply prices according to approved tariffs.

Calaméo – Czarnecka_Oglodek_The_Energy_Tariff_System

However even here a demarcation line shall be drawn between transmission and distribution which require regulation and supply of energy to customers, and which shall be left to market forces of demand and supply. F Stanlake Book 6 editions published between and in English and Undetermined and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. Monopolies and restrictive practices by G. In conclusion, it is our opinion that excessive state interference in the regulation of prices for selling energy and in distribution does not provide improved protection for consumers in the long term.