Dynamic stretches affect dynamic flexibility and static stretches affect static flexibility (and dynamic ballistic stretching; dynamic stretching; active stretching ; passive (or relaxed) stretching; static stretching; isometric stretching; PNF stretching. PNF, static and ballistic stretching are all effec- clients with therapeutic use of PNF for clients with conditions sive[18,] and active flexibility,[2,8,15,] with the other than .. neuromuscular facilitation stretch techniques on trained and. Sady SP, Wortman M, Blanke D: Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation? Arch Phys Med Rehabil, –,

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The tension of the agonists in an active stretch helps to relax the muscles being stretched the antagonists by reciprocal inhibition see section Reciprocal Inhibition. Once in sports rehabilitation the recovery time is a key factor, further studies are needed for the determination of stretching with PNF parameters which improve graining MAB gain.

Continuing to exercise when you are tired serves only to reset the nervous control of your muscle length statiic the reduced range of motion used in the exercise and will cause a loss of flexibility. It was also confirmed that a percentage of the immediate effect is kept 24 hours post stretching with PNF; however, the curve of flexibility decrease was not analyzed, neither immediately ballishic stretching nor after the 10 sessions protocol.

Stretching exercises may be used in the sports and therapeutic environment in order to gain MAB. This paper facilitatio been referenced on Twitter 1 time over the past 90 days.

Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation?

Such fact was supported by Harrelson and Leaver-Dunn 3 who suggest propriocepptive the soft tissues, including the muscular cuff and the connective tissue skeletons are the main responsible for the greatest part of resistance to stretching of the normal relaxed muscle. At the researcher command, the volunteer was asked to perform maximal strength for leg extension, contracting the hip extensors for five seconds proprioceptve the contraction was resisted by the therapist.


Comparison of cyclic and sustained passive stretching using a mechanical device to increase resting length of hamstring muscles.

A previous study was conducted with eight subjects in which the measurements obtained with the instrument were compared with photometry.

Therefore, future studies flexibulity analyze how the flexibility loss occurs after a stretching protocol. Such finding leads us to believe that in the middle run, the frequency of three repetitions with PNF would be more appropriate in order to promote a faster gain of flexibility in relation to the frequency of a stretching with PNF, without difference in this gain velocity when this frequency is increased to six repetitions with PNF.

PNF was initially developed as a method of rehabilitating stroke victims. The theorical basis of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.


Types of Stretching How to Stretch: Be sure to stop when and if trajning feel tired. You should be aware of these alternative meanings, however, when looking at other references on stretching.

Thus, even with a significant loss of the stretching immediate effect, the MAB increases every day of the protocol. Two daily measurements were performed; one prior and the other post stretching.

The reason that the stretched fibers develop and retain the ability to stretch beyond their normal limit during an isometric stretch has to do with the muscle spindles see section Proprioceptors: Since facilitaiton difference in the stretching sessions was constant – 24 hours this study does not answer whether the time between sessions influences in the immediate effect loss. Such procedure was performed five flexobility a week during two consecutive weeks, from Monday to Friday, with a total of 10 interventions for each participant.


However, massive research has used different stretching frequencies with PNF per session. Similarly, when a muscle is stretched, some of the fibers are elongated and some remain at rest see section What Happens When You Stretch.

Notice that in the hold-relax-contract, there is no final passive stretch.

The tension generated by the contraction activates the golgi tendon organ see section Proprioceptorswhich inhibits contraction of the muscle via the lengthening reaction see section The Lengthening Reaction.

J Appl Sport Sci Res. Forty-one female individuals, mean age The aim of this study was to examine the frequency effects of stretching with PNF, both after 10 stretching sessions and immediately after the stretching, concerning flexibility of the hamstring muscles.

The volunteers were instructed to totally relax the leg during the stretching, not offering any voluntary resistance. Like isometric stretching see section Isometric StretchingPNF stretching is also not recommended for children and people whose bones are still growing for the same reasons. It involves performing two isometric contractions: The late effect is the same concerning the MAB gain when one, three or six stretching maneuvers with PNF are used for a protocol with two weeks of duration.

Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation?

Nevertheless, this difference among groups was not observed in the groups of three 3A and six repetitions 6A. Experimental procedure Instruments A board developed by Brasileiro et al. Grandi 18 also confirmed that passive stretching of 30 seconds has the same efficiency of four repetitions of 18 seconds.