GERONTIC NURSING PDF
Gerontic nurses work with healthy elderly person in their communities, acutely ill elders requiring hospitalization and treatment, and chronically ill or disabled. Aust Nurses J. May;12(10) Gerontic nursing–a new impetus in nursing care. Ryan R. Aged; Australia; Geriatric Nursing/trends*; Humans. Nomenclature: what is in the name, “gerontic nursing”? Gunter LM. PMID: ; [Indexed MeSH terms. Geriatric Nursing*; Humans; Terminology as Topic.
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A North American gerontological nursing text was published inand a monthly journal devoted to gerontological nursing began publication in nirsing The nursing profession has clearly been affected by the increased aging of the world population, the sheer numbers of elderly people, and the different ways the world’s elderly persons are treated.
In its most early phases, nurses were almost exclusively female family members.
Nomenclature: what is in the name, “gerontic nursing”?
Laywomen who initially tried to fill the demand for more nursing care during the expansion to the New World were ineffective, as they were nusing role models or training. University of Washington Press, A Self-Care Approach3d ed.
Gerontology began as an inquiry into the characteristics of long-lived people. The birth of gerontological nursing research to provide a strong, independent knowledge base to link research with the increasing complexity of practice expertise began in the late s.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, In North Americathe immigration boom between and also added to the number of older persons at the turn of the century. The beginnings of nursing The development of nursing has followed the development of mankind. Gerontology as a field of study was notable in Europe prior to North America because of the earlier maturing of Europe’s population while initially North America had a younger njrsing.
In North America, gerontological nursing began its rise with the acknowledgment of this new nursing specialty by the American Nurses Association in and the formation of the National Gerontological Nursing Association in Gerontology is the preferred term for the normal aging process including the biologic, psychosocial and spiritual aspects of the older adult. The future is secure for geerontic nursing as an acknowledged and well-respected specialty within nursing, as well as a discipline among its interdisciplinary colleagues in efforts to geronntic care for older persons throughout the world.
In contrast to the continued use of the term geriatricthe term gerontological nursing was in use by the early s to reflect the provision of care and the treatment of the whole person, not only care of disease in a medical setting. Standards of nursing practice have been developed in various countries to define the uniqueness and scope of gerontic nursing practice and to provide a foundation for evaluation of nursing practice in all settings where the focus of care is on the older person.
Gerontological nurses must also have expertise in navigating the health care system to act as advocates for their clients. In the mids, the Crimean War provided Florence Nightingale with the necessary outpouring of public support to effect changes in nursing.
The term geriatrics is the area of study related to diseases of the elderly and became popular as geriatric medicine evolved.
Nomenclature: what is in the name, “gerontic nursing”?
Improving the Health Care of Older People: Oxford University Press, A more recent term, nursinng nursingrefines the sphere of responsibility of gerontological nurses who care for the elderly by encompassing the art and intuition of caring and maintaining the “well elderly” as well as emphasizing illness and scientific principles of care.
Nurses have long been interested in the care of older persons, and they seemed to have assumed more responsibility than other professions for this segment of the population.
Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Gerontological nurses may also be certified through a written examination available in certain countries, as a nursijg of expert professional competency. Religious orders played an important part in gerontoc development of nursing care facilities through care provided in their convents, abbeys, and almshouses.
Specific university-prepared clinical practice streams now include nurse practitioners as clinical nurse specialists and expanded role nurses, among others, providing advanced practice knowledge to older populations. In the Hospital, Nursing Home and Community.
Gerontological Nursing |
In other societies, onset of old age is more commonly linked with events such as succession to eldership or becoming a grandparent. The impact of world population changes. Nursing and the Aged: Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Gerontological nurses must be educated concerning care strategies about wide-ranging basic and complex physiological and behavioral issues such as pain, pressure ulcers, cognitive impairment, self-esteem disturbance, bereavement, fluid and electrolyte imbalance, and caregiver stress, among other issues.
In developing countries, the existence of an extended kin network provides regular and frequent contact as an essential part of the traditional welfare support system. Gerontological nurses must have the knowledge and skill to manage care focused upon normal and abnormal age-related physical changes e. Modern Language Association http: Nnursing was well on its way to being a profession, although it would still take more than one hundred years to geronntic fully acknowledged as a separate health care entity.
Gerontic nursing–a new impetus in nursing care.
Nightingale initiated such advances as the establishment of an organized training school and a formalized and standardized organization, thus finally turning nursing into a suitable occupation for women. Handbook of Gerontological Nursing. With a shift change of focus from emphasis gerohtic children and adolescents towards the elderly in societal emphasis giving visibility to elderly persons, the nursing community has focused upon this population in terms of increasing their knowledge base and increased education in this neophyte specialty field.
It is defined nursign the science of aging, studying the effects of time on human development, specifically aging. The assessment of the health needs of older adults, the planning and implementing of health care to meet unrsing needs, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of such care are critical activities in assisting older adults to optimize their functional abilities and thereby maximize independence and promote well-being — a prime directive for gerontological nurses.